The last war in 1867 ended when Moshoeshoe appealed to Queen Victoria, who agreed to make Basutoland a British protectorate in 1868.In 1869, the British signed a treaty at Aliwal North with the Boers that defined the boundaries of Basutoland, and later Lesotho, which by ceding the western territories effectively reduced Moshoeshoe's Kingdom to half its previous size.Moshoeshoe, a son of Mokhachane, a minor chief of the Bakoteli lineage, formed his own clan and became a chief around 1804.
In January 1970, the ruling Basotho National Party (BNP) lost the first post-independence general elections, with 23 seats to the Basutoland Congress Party's 36.In September 1981, the family of Benjamin Masilo was attacked.A few days later, Edgar Mahlomola Motuba was taken from his home and murdered. What later ensued was a de facto government led by Dr.Following the cession in 1869, the British initially transferred functions from Moshoeshoe's capital in Thaba Bosiu to a police camp on the northwest border, Maseru, until administration of Basutoland was transferred to the Cape Colony in 1871.Moshoeshoe died on 11 March 1870, marking the end of the traditional era and the beginning of the colonial era. In the early years of British rule between 18, Basutoland was treated similarly to other territories that had been forcefully annexed, much to the chagrin of the Basotho.
The campaign was severely compromised when BCP's leader, Ntsu Mokhehle, went to Pretoria.